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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

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KHAMTL

A numeral precedes the word It qualifies, unless a ffeneric wor,l is used, when it
follows. The generic word itself follows the numeral, except in the <Jase of the numeral
s one \ when it precedes it. Thus,

t three nisrhts.

CA3 ocjS kon sMm-Jw, men three-pp^ons, three men.
Oj>8 c^8 cMng fo-lwif/t elephant animal one, one elephant.
oq8 c^S \.on Jed-lung t man person-one, one man.

The Personal Pronouns have special forms for the plural   In other respects they
are declined exactly like nouns.   They are,

Singular.                                                     Plural.

haw,  Oj iu,   or 50] ha, we.
ma?*, thou                                     Cfg $MS ye or you

< num, he, she, itt                           . Maw or Q<   jj nw 7ww, they.

In the first person, haw is the same as our c -we \ tu excludes the person addressed,
and ha is really a dual, and means * we two ', both of us.   There are a number of com-
pound pronouns.   The following are given by Mr, Xeedham.   I do not know the tones
y^8   JjiS hang Jehu, we two.

C/o8  88 sMng JcJiii, you two.

e^5 iOl fi^flWflf ^?H or o^S O| ?i!^^a, they two (excluding the speaker and
person addressed).

In the last word JJ8  *s ^e negative, and, , as such, has the sound of the French
word <w. In such cases3 1 follow Mr Needham in transliterating it by '.

To give the idea of respect ^ chaw, master, is added to a pronoun. Thus man
cJiau, he (respectfully). I do not know what tone chau has in Khanitl In Shan it is
chtai, 01 | pa, chau (tones unknown) gives the force of a reflexive pronoun. Thus,

l&au $d chau, you yourself.

The Demonstrative Pronouns are ,co^ Q? s mi or o< o? a nm, this.

JSD^ ^0<;S an^w or JDO^S o< a^ nw, that.

They are adjectives, and follow the nouns they qualify. The initial a or in is often
dropped. ISai, by itself, is often used as a definite article.

The Kelative Pronoun is / $ **> w3l or wlliclL  Thu*>  9?   ^^ *$

hw &n chom, the boat which sunk.

Interrogative pronouns are sometimes used as relatives.

The Interrogative Pronouns are o pka&> who? co^ CAD Jfea tA^f^i what ?

(
tod Q"[ o a /aw, which,

There are several indefinite pronouns, such as 0^ (5Df phaft Jcai, or dj> C00|
JSSrOg any onef some one, etc.   I do not know the tones of kai and? leo.

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